December 2006 Archives

The Year in Asthma

asthmaPHILADELPHIA, Dec. 28 -- Asthma mortality rates are declining worldwide, largely due to increased use of inhaled corticosteroids to manage the disease. That was the conclusion of an international group of researchers, who presented data on world trends.

The following summary reviews some of the highlights of the year in asthma research. For fuller accounts, links to the individual articles published in MedPage Today have been provided.


Despite the decline in mortality reported at the 2006 annual meeting of American College of Asthma, Allergy & Immunology, asthma still accounts for one of every 250 deaths worldwide, many of which could have been prevented with better medical care.

Cleveland Clinic gives Asthmatx Top 10 award


Asthmatx Asthmatx Inc., a medical device company that focuses on a catheter-based procedure for the treatment for asthma, said Wednesday its investigational treatment was named one of the Top Ten Medical Innovations for 2007 by the Cleveland Clinic.

Mountain View-based Asthmatx said the list recognizes breakthrough medical technologies that have the potential to have an impact on health care in 2007.

Asthmatx said its bronchial thermoplasty, a minimally-invasive procedure, is a non-drug treatment for asthma that is currently under clinical investigation at more than 30 research centers around the world.

Is that runny nose a cold, an allergy, or sinusitus?


allergyQ. I have a daughter who just started kindergarten and one in preschool. My older daughter has bad allergies, and it seems like all the kids in both girls' schools have runny noses. I'd like some guidelines about allergies and how to recognize a sinus infection versus a cold. a mother and teacher in Charlotte

The cold-allergies question is complex, says a pediatrician and father in Concord. "This is something we struggle with as pediatricians every day," says Dr. Greg Guerriero.

Teachers reluctantly deal with the issue as well, wondering whether their snotty-nosed charges should be at home.

Under-the-tongue allergy therapy cost-effective


sublingual immunotherapy NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Under-the-tongue or "sublingual" immunotherapy -- what doctors call SLIT -- is cost-effective for treating adults with pollen-induced respiratory allergy, according to a report.

SLIT is not officially in use in the United States, although some allergists use it "with satisfactory results," Dr. Giovanni Passalacqua from University of Genoa, Italy told Reuters Health. "The problem is formal, due to the fact that SLIT has not the approval of the FDA. Clinical studies endorsed by the FDA are currently ongoing to get the approval."

"In Europe the situation is completely different, and SLIT is widely used in many countries (e.g., Italy, Germany, France, Spain, Portugal, Greece, and Hungary)," Passalacqua said.

Toyota may agree to provide health-care aid to asthmatics


toyotaToyota Motor Corp. intends to agree to a health-care subsidy plan as part of a settlement with asthma patients who sued Toyota and six other automakers, claiming exhaust fumes from diesel vehicles caused their disease, informed sources said.

The suit, now pending at the Tokyo High Court, seeks compensation from the manufacturers as well as the central government and the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.

The health-care plan was proposed by the metropolitan government last month. Toyota is the first carmaker indicating it intends to accept the plan, the sources said.

The Future Of Asthma Research

asthmaAsthma UK and the Royal Society of Medicine are offering people with asthma a unique opportunity to influence the future of asthma research.

Medicine and Me: Asthma Research will bring people with asthma, their families and carers, together with researchers and health professionals to exchange their views on the key challenges in basic asthma research.

The event aims to make science more accessible to people with asthma and ensure the strategy reflects their needs. It takes place on 19 February at the Royal Society of Medicine, London. Supported by AstraZeneca, it will include a mix of presentations and discussions, followed by an evening reception.
ga2lenGA²LEN welcomes the vote of the European Parliament on the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) on 30 November that acknowledges allergic diseases as major chronic diseases to be addressed in European research during the coming 7 years (2007 - 2013).

The European Parliament adopted the report of Prof. Jerzy Buzek that recognises “respiratory diseases including those induced by allergies” as health priorities to be addressed by translational research. This will allow respiratory allergic diseases (including asthma) to be covered by the research programme under the health theme.

Allergy or Asthma Problems? Try a High Quality Air Filter

micropower guard By Will Hawkins, Heating & Cooling Expert

Q. We have family members that have allergies or asthma. What can we do about it?

A. Installing a Nature’s Home Media Filter can reduce these problems. The MicroPower Guard air filter will capture microscopic particles, and you only have to change the filter once every three months.

People spend about 90% of their time indoors. The EPA ranked indoor air pollution among the top five environmental dangers to the public. Why? Our homes are sealed, insulated and efficient. While this conserves energy, it locks in allergenic particles, infectious agents and other toxic agents. A quality filter can reduce or eliminate these household pollutants that can cause these health problems.

child in a poolAbstract

The pool chlorine hypothesis postulates that the rise in childhood asthma in the developed world could result at least partly from the increasing exposure of children to toxic gases and aerosols contaminating the air of indoor chlorinated pools. To further assess this hypothesis, we explored the relationships between childhood asthma, atopy, and cumulated pool attendance (CPA). We studied 341 schoolchildren 10-13 years of age who attended at a variable rate the same public pool in Brussels (trichloramine in air, 0.3-0.5 mg/m3). Examination of the children included a questionnaire, an exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) test, and the measurement of exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) and total and aeroallergen-specific serum IgE. CPA by children (range, 0-1,818 hr) emerged among the most consistent predictors of asthma (doctor diagnosed or screened with the EIB test) and of elevated eNO, ranking immediately after atopy and family history of asthma or hay fever. Although the risk of elevated eNO increased with CPA [odds ratio (OR) = 1.30 ; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.10-1.43] independently of total or specific serum IgE, the probability of developing asthma increased with CPA only in children with serum IgE > 100 kIU/L (OR for each 100-hr increase in CPA = 1.79; 95% CI, 1.07-2.72). All these effects were dose related and most strongly linked to pool attendance before 6-7 years of age. Use of indoor chlorinated pools especially by young children interacts with atopic status to promote the development of childhood asthma. These findings further support the hypothesis implicating pool chlorine in the rise of childhood asthma in industrialized countries.


Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is an important disease with high quality of life and economic impact. Patch testing is the procedure by which identification of the cause of ACD can be elicited. Proper performance of the test, from taking an appropriate patient history to placing the correct allergens to evaluating and educating the patient, is of utmost importance. The purpose of this article is to highlight common allergens encountered in our environment, to increase awareness for this important disease, and to underscore the importance of this testing modality. An early index of suspicion can lead to appropriate testing, diagnosis, avoidance, and cure.

Percentage of asthmatic kids doubles in 10 years


asthmaJAPAN - The proportion of schoolchildren suffering from asthma has more than doubled in the last 10 years to the highest level ever, an education ministry survey showed Thursday.

"In light of the increase not only in asthma but also in other types of allergies, the growth can be attributed to various factors, including air pollution and lifestyles," an Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Ministry official said. "It's difficult to pinpoint a cause."

The preliminary figures are based on health checkup data for about 3.36 million children from kindergarten through high school across the country. The ministry conducted the research between April and June.

Vectura signs US development deal for asthma therapy


vectura groupLONDON (AFX) - Vectura Group PLC has struck a US collaboration and development deal with a 'leading international pharmaceutical company' for its generic combination asthma therapy, VR315.

In a statement, the British drug developer said it will share the profits from any eventual sales of the product, and could receive up to 63 mln usd in milestone payments.

The therapy is thought to be a copycat version of GlaxoSmithKline PLC's top-selling asthma drug Advair, which generated sales of 3 bln stg last year and will lose patent protection in around 2010.

Brewery unveils beer for those with wheat allergies


sorghum plantST. LOUIS — People with wheat allergies who have stayed away from beer now have a new option.

Anheuser-Busch Cos. Inc. today introduced Redbridge, which the company called the first nationally available sorghum beer. Starting today, Redbridge is available in restaurants and stores carrying organic products.

Sorghum is the primary ingredient in the beer from the makers of the nation's top-selling full-calorie and light beers, Budweiser and Bud Light. Sorghum is a safe grain for those with wheat allergies. Anheuser-Busch is also marketing the beer as an alternative for those who choose wheat-free or gluten-free diets.

asthmaWALTHAM, Mass., Dec. 20 /PRNewswire/ -- Decision Resources, one of the world's leading research and advisory firms focusing on pharmaceutical and healthcare issues, finds that approximately half of newly diagnosed patients with asthma do not receive any form of pharmacological treatment within 360 days of their diagnosis. The new report entitled Treatment Algorithms in Asthma finds that drug treatment rate is low because patients face significant out-of-pocket expenses for asthma treatment. In addition, physicians note that drug treatment rates might be low because the symptoms may improve upon treatment in an urgent care setting following which patients may not present to a physician again.

The report also finds that primary care physicians vary from recommended guidelines to prescribe GlaxoSmithKline's Advair as first-line therapy in cases where it is recommended to start with an inhaled corticosteroid.

State to reduce emission on school buses by 90 percent


exhaust pipeBOSTON - Traveling to school should become a healthier experience for Massachusetts children after state officials make good on their pledge to reduce school bus exhaust emissions by 90 percent over the next three years. 

Department of Environmental Protection spokesman Ed Coletta said Monday that the state would spend $22.5 million over the next three years to install exhaust filters on all school buses and regional transit authority buses throughout Massachusetts. Roughly 8,000 school buses and about 600 regional transit buses will be retrofitted.

“It’s clearly going to be very beneficial,” Coletta said about reducing the amount of particulate-filled soot spewed by the buses’ diesel engines.

“Children tend to breathe more deeply than adults. They’re clearly at a very tender age where the emissions could impact them. This is an important piece to make sure they’re protected,” he said.

Environmental group says study links smog and child asthma

childhood asthmaBALTIMORE - New findings show Maryland’s children are among the most likely in the country to have asthma, and the state’s high levels of air pollution only make their problems worse.

The report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that Maryland is tied with Oklahoma for the third-highest level of childhood asthma in the nation, among the 37 states that had information available.

About 11 percent of the state’s children had asthma in 2005, says “The State of Childhood Asthma” report.

Children with asthma miss school, are sent to the hospital and can die from struggling to breathe, states the report, which was released last week.

MedImmune gets license to develop asthma drug


medimmune MedImmune has licensed an potential asthma treatment from a subsidiary of a Japanese company.

The Gaithersburg company will pay BioWa, a New Jersey subsidiary of Japan's Kyowa Hakko Kogyo, upfront, milestone and royalty payments for the rights to market the drug in all countries other than Japan and a few other Asian nations. BioWa will keep those rights.

MedImmune did not disclose the size of the payments it will make.

The drug, a monoclonal antibody under development, is in the first phase of clinical trials for asthma. It also might be used for other inflammatory diseases, company officials say.

If you have allergies, check this holiday list twice

allergySeasons greetings. And gesundheit.

Christmas greenery, holiday flowers and yuletide fires can inflame allergies, causing itchy eyes, runny noses and skin rashes, experts warn. No wonder Rudolph's nose was red.

Most holiday allergies are minor, but for anyone with asthma and other lung conditions, they can cause serious breathing problems, says allergist James Seltzer, chair of the Indoor Allergy Committee of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.

novartis BASEL (AFX) - Novartis (nyse: NVS) AG and joint venture partner SkyePharma PLC (nasdaq: SKYE) have received market approval for their asthma spray Foradil Certihaler from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), following modifications to the product.

The product was recalled in Germany and Switzerland early this year on concern the inhaler was delivering variable doses of the drug.

SkyePharma has since been modifying the device and resubmitted it with the US regulator.

copdPatients with obstructive lung diseases receive only about 55 percent of recommended medical care, according to a study that reflects the increasing health-care challenges of an aging population.

"The quality of care provided to patients with obstructive lung diseases is not as good as it should be or needs to be," said Dr. Richard Mularski, with Kaiser's Portland-based Center for Health Research.

Mularski is lead author of the study, which was published in the December issue of the journal Chest. The RAND Corp. study is part of the largest examination of the quality of American health care ever undertaken.

Asthma Prevalence High in Children Who Snore


asthmaISLAMABAD - Preschool children who regularly snore are more likely to have asthma and nocturnal cough than those who do not snore, according to the results of a study published in the August issue of Chest.

Dr. Jennifer K. Peat, of the University of Sydney, Australia, and colleagues measured the prevalence of habitual snoring and other respiratory conditions in preschool children between the ages of two and five years old. Nine hundred seventy-four children were included in the study.

Fifty-four of 516 boys (10.5%) and 48 of 458 girls (10.5%) were snorers on at least four nights per week. No association between snoring and age was observed.

Rhinoviruses Fatal to Lung Transplant Recipients

researchGENEVA, Switzerland, Dec. 15 -- A common cold virus can be deadly for lung-transplant recipients, reported researchers here.

Two of 11 recipients infected with human rhinoviruses developed progressive respiratory and graft dysfunction leading to their deaths, reported Laurent Kaiser, M.D., of the University Hospital of Geneva, and colleagues.

The findings flout conventional wisdom holding that human rhinoviruses only infect the upper respiratory tract, the investigators wrote in the second December issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Treatment May Leave You Allergy-Free


allergyRagweed allergies makes millions of us miserable with symptoms from red, watery eyes to excessive sneezing. But now a new treatment could soon leave you allergy-free.

It's ragweed season again and oncology nurse Kim Brandt is just one of 36 million Americans allergic to the wild plant.

Kim Brandt, RN, ragweed allergy sufferer: "I would be sneezing, running, watery eyes, itchy nose and nasal congestion."

Sick of the symptoms, Kim joined a study on a new approach called rush immunotherapy.

ga2lenA recent report by the EU-backed Network of Excellence GA2LEN, Global Allergy and Asthma European Network, highlights new suspected linkages between diet and allergies, particularly in children. Experts suggest that there has been a fundamental shift in European diets over the past twenty to forty years exposing children and adults alike to greater risks of allergies. Such findings by the nutrition network are indicators of the fresh research the network can contribute to this complex field.

According to experts, fully one third of children and approximately half of the European population will be allergic to one thing or another by 2015. It is widely accepted that an unfortunate combination of hereditary and environmental factors contribute to the development of allergies and asthma. However, a sharp increase in the number of cases has lead researchers to believe that something more than genetics is at play. 

Childhood Asthma Rise Remains a Puzzle

childhood asthmaNearly one in 10 American children now has asthma, a sharp rise that still has scientists searching for a cause, a CDC report concluded Tuesday.

An estimated 6.5 million children under age 18 (8.9%) are now diagnosed with the disease. The rate has more than doubled since 1980, according to the report.

At the same time, racial disparities show evidence of worsening. While 8% of white children are estimated to have asthma, 19% of Puerto Rican children and 13% of black children have the disease.

State of Childhood Asthma, United States: 1980-2005

childhood asthmaA new report on childhood asthma released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that death rates for asthma among children under age 18 have declined since 1999, while doctor visits for the condition have more than doubled over the past decade.

In 2005, nearly 9 percent of children -- 6.5 million children under age 18 -- were reported to currently have asthma. The percentage of children who had asthma more than doubled between 1980 and 1995, from 3.6 percent to 7.5 percent. In 2001, CDC introduced a more precise measurement of asthma and the five years since then the trend has remained stable at historically high levels.

City Kids with Asthma Lose Out On Preventive Treatment


asthma A new study by specialists at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center and elsewhere suggests that only one in five inner-city children with chronic asthma gets enough medicine to control dangerous flare-ups of the disease.

The findings, reported in December's Pediatrics, are disturbing, the researchers say, because preventive therapy failure leads to overreliance on fast-acting "rescue" drugs after an asthma attack strikes and to more complications and increased risk of death.

The scientists interviewed parents of 180 Baltimore City children 2 to 9 years of age diagnosed with persistent asthma and studied pharmacy records. Overall, only 20 percent of the 180 children got the recommended amount of daily controller medication, which is six or more refills in a 12-month period. Sixty percent got too little therapy to fully prevent flare-ups, and 20 percent either got no medication at all or relied solely on quick-relief rescue drugs, which stop an asthma attack from progressing.

New pill offers hope to a million hay fever sufferers

hay feverA vaccine pill that protects the body against the allergic effects of grass pollen will be made available to around one million hay fever sufferers in Britain from next month. The pill, which contains tiny amounts of grass pollen, will be offered on prescription to hayfever sufferers who do not respond well to existing antihistamines and nasal steroid sprays.

Called Grazax, the pill dissolves under the tongue and, to be effective, must be taken eight weeks before the hayfever season begins. Trials with the pill followed successful tests of a grass pollen injection, which was found to protect hayfever sufferers from pollen allergy for three years after their treatment was stopped.

Alliant will promote kids' Allegra in U.S.

sanofi U.S. firm Alliant said Monday it has signed a deal with Sanofi-aventis to co-promote allergy drug Allegra in the United States.

Under the terms of the pact Alliant will promote Allegra Oral Suspension to pediatric and pediatric sub-specialty physicians.

"Our core mission is to provide pediatricians with alternatives that meet the unique needs of their patients," said Alliant President Mark Pugh.

Peanut allergies may be caused by anxious mothers


peanuts Many experts believe the current advice to parents to keep peanuts away from their babies may be making the problem worse.

In Africa, Asia and China, where peanuts are a staple food and routinely given to young children, rates of peanut allergy are lower than they are in the West.

Other research suggests the opposite - that early exposure to peanuts makes an individual more susceptible.

Parents are being asked to volunteer their babies for a major investigation into the causes of peanut allergy.


Allergy Meds Better For Treating Coughs


coughsThe average adult gets two to four colds a year, and if they're around children, it doubles. While there is a whole host of medications claiming to make your cough better, new research finds many don't work. A new study finds more effective help may be available from some unlikely candidates.

Cough medicines are a multi-billion-dollar industry. The vast assortment is nothing to sneeze at, but what has confused many patients is recent research which found many of these cough medicines don't work for most coughs.

Dr. Richard Irwin headed up a worldwide study. He found expectorants -- medicines that help remove mucus -- and the newer non-drowsy medicines are ineffective against cough caused by the common cold.


Fish and whole grains linked to asthma protection


fish and breadAn increased consumption of whole grains and fish could reduce the risk of developing asthma by about 50 per cent, suggests a new study from The Netherlands.

The International Study on Allergy and Asthma in Childhood 2 (ISAAC-2) looked at dietary intakes for a range of foods, including fish, fruits, vegetables, dairy and whole grain products, for 598 Dutch children aged between 8 and 13.

“Our findings suggest that a high intake of whole grain products and fish may have a protective effect against asthma in children,” wrote lead author Cora Tabak in the current issue of the journal Thorax.

Pharmac under fire over asthma

pharmacNew Zealand - Government drug-buying agency Pharmac is under fire from asthma sufferers as it again considers sole funding of an unpopular alternative to Ventolin.

Pharmac's decision last year to subsidise only one salbutamol inhaler, Salamol, failed as asthmatics overwhelmingly rejected the cheaper option.

Hospital emergency department doctors reported an increase in admissions of children who had refused to use Salamol because of the taste.

Fatty diets 'behind rise in asthma'


hamburgerFatty diets could be responsible for the increase in the number of people suffering from asthma, Australian scientists say.

Researchers at the Sydney-based Garvan Institute have found a link between dietary fats and the immune system, News Limited newspapers report.

They believe this could be the connection to a rise in inflammatory conditions such as asthma, which doubled between 1985 and 2001.

Local Doctors Develop New Asthma Test

asthma(KDKA) PITTSBURGH Doctors at Children's Hospital in Pittsburgh have developed a new way to find out if children are suffering from asthma.

Often times when dealing with the youngest patients, doctors cannot label it asthma because patients are too young for a definitive diagnostic test called spirometry.

You have to be six or older, and be able to breathe in deeply and blow out all the air.

"That maneuver is very difficult and requires a lot of effort," said Dr. Jonathan Finder. "It's very hard to get children to understand the concept."

Know someone with a food allergy? Be a PAL


food allergyby Gloria Payne, DNJ

Did you know that almost 12 million Americans have a food allergy? About one out of every 25 American children under the age of 18 has a food allergy. Scientists have discovered that in the past five years, the existence of peanut allergy in children has doubled.

Did you know that there are approximately 150 to 200 food allergy-related deaths each year in the United States?

With the increased prevalence of food allergies, you probably will prepare food for someone with a food allergy, dine with someone with a food allergy or be a friend of someone with a food allergy.

almonds OTTAWA, ONTARIO--(CCNMatthews - Dec. 7, 2006)  - The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is warning people with allergies to almond, peanut, or hazelnut proteins not to consume the Schär brand Wafers and Biscotti products described below. The affected products may contain almonds, peanuts, and hazelnuts, which are not declared on the label.

All Best Before dates and lot codes of the following Schär brand products, imported from Italy, are affected by this alert.

Air Force allergy doctors win FIT competition

researchLACKLAND AIR FORCE BASE, Texas (AFPN) -- A 59th Medical Wing allergy team won the 15th Annual American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Fellows-in-Training Bowl held Nov. 6 in Philadelphia.

Allergy specialists Maj. (Dr.) Stephen Scranton and Capt. (Dr.) Chris Calabria, with the 759th Medical Operations Squadron at Wilford Hall Medical Center at Lackland AFB, Texas, beat out 21 teams from top allergy fellowship programs across the nation in the academic competition.

"It was an honor to represent the Allergy Program and Wilford Hall in this competition," Captain Calabria said. "Our win is a testament to the great program that our current and prior WHMC staff members have created."

bad air Nearly half of the U.S. population lives in areas with unhealthy ozone levels, according to a 2006 report. For people with respiratory and lung diseases, especially the estimated 20 million Americans with asthma, "bad air" days pose an exceptionally high risk. The health risks associated with high levels of ozone aren't limited to summer months, and people can feel the effects of smog all year long.

Over the last decade, ozone levels have increased for many reasons, including higher temperatures and humidity, said John D. Cox, author of "Weather for Dummies." Despite this, people are still unaware that ozone is dangerous even at its lowest levels.

When inhaled, ozone can irritate lung airways and cause inflammation, and exposure to elevated levels of ozone can also increase the need for medical treatment and hospitalization in people with asthma. People who are active and people with asthma and other respiratory problems are at a higher risk on these days.

Program easing asthma among kids


asthma ACTAUSTRALIA - Asthma is the most-common medical condition amongst Canberra school students and a leading cause of absenteeism affecting one in six students.

There are about 62,400 people in the ACT under 15, and while not all of these are at school, one in six will be debilitated to varying degrees because of asthma.

Recognising this problem, the Federal Government, with the involvement of the Asthma Foundations, launched the Asthma Friendly Schools program to support children with asthma, and to enable the school staff to better handle asthma emergencies if they arise. The Asthma Foundation ACT is rolling out the program in Canberra. Schools are invited to participate and when they meet the required criteria they are certified "asthma friendly".

source City news 

Allergies on the increase

peanutsAbout 2.2 million school-aged children, or 4 percent of U.S. students, have food allergies, and 3.3 million Americans of all ages are allergic to peanuts or tree nuts, according to the Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network.

But that number is rising rapidly. According to one study, reports FAAN, peanut allergies among young children doubled between 1997 and 2002.

Such allergies often carry the risk of anaphylaxis, a life-threatening reaction that can cause someone to stop breathing.

Allergist Jerry Shier says that he knows of no proven cause for the rise in food allergies in recent years, but says the best explanation for the increase is the "hygiene hypothesis."

David Allen, MDFor children who have persistent asthma of any degree, inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) treatment is recommended. However, there is ongoing debate with regard to the potential adverse systemic effects and safety of long-term use of these agents, particularly in children. This concern mainly stems from the findings from studies assessing the effects of ICS on lower-leg growth rate or the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.[1] The current consensus is that ICS are highly effective and, because their benefits clearly exceed potential risks, can be used safely in children who have persistent asthma.[2,3]

In this Expert Interview conducted by Helen Fosam, PhD, Medscape Allergy & Clinical Immunology, David B. Allen, MD, summarizes the current issues and evidence surrounding the risks and benefits of using ICS to treat asthma in children. David B. Allen, MD, is Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin. Dr. Allen is also the Director of Endocrinology and Residency Training at the University of Wisconsin Children's Hospital, Madison, Wisconsin.

Skin Allergies and Rashes: How to Get Relief


skin allergy testSkin allergies can be caused by a myriad of different things ranging from environmental agents to ingredients found in personal care products like soaps, detergents, cosmetics, or even household products or pets.

It is still unknown why allergic reactions to products occur in some people but not others, although it is known that people who have allergies to certain agents are genetically predisposed, so if you find yourself itching like crazy at just the sight of a specific laundry detergent, you have at least one parent to thank.

Many urban children don't get asthma drugs


asthmaBALTIMORE, Dec. 4 (UPI) -- U.S. researchers suggest only one in five inner-city children with chronic asthma gets enough medicine to control dangerous flare-ups of the disease.

The researchers at The Johns Hopkins Children's Center call the findings disturbing because preventive therapy failure leads to over-reliance on fast-acting "rescue" drugs after an asthma attack strikes and to more complications and increased risk of death.

The scientists interviewed parents of 180 Baltimore children from age 2 to 9 who were diagnosed with persistent asthma and studied pharmacy records. Overall, only 20 percent of the 180 got the recommended amount of daily controller medication, which is six or more refills in a 12-month period.

Kids With Asthma: Obesity More Likely


asthmaDec. 4, 2006 -- Children with asthma are more likely to be obese and less likely to exercise than those without the disease, a British study shows.

"Asthma was identified as a barrier to exercise by parents and children," write the University of Nottingham's Cristine Glazebrook, RGN, PhD, and colleagues in Pediatrics.

But physical activity is important for everyone, including those with asthma; nearly half the children with asthma in Glazebrook's study were overweight.

The researchers call on experts to develop strategies to promote exercise for children with asthma.

Tiny heater inside your lungs could end asthma inhalers


heating device A tiny heater that warms the lungs and airways is being used to treat asthma. The device, which is inserted through the nose or mouth, gives ten-second blasts of mild heat to the muscles to stop them contracting.

Research shows that the beneficial effects of three sessions of the device, now on trial at five hospitals in the UK, can last for more than two years.

Asthma is a major and increasing health problem, with 5.2 million people in the UK currently receiving treatment, including 1.1 million children.

snowVIENNA - Flowers are blooming on the slopes of Alpine ski resorts and bears are having trouble hibernating in Siberia amid a late start to winter that may be a portent of global warming.

Rare December pollen is troubling asthma sufferers as far north as Scandinavia, sales of winter clothing are down and Santa Claus is having to reassure children that his sleigh will take off on Christmas Eve, snow or no snow.

From Ottawa to Moscow, temperatures have been way above average at the start of the winter in the northern hemisphere - with some notable exceptions, including a rare snowstorm in Dallas, Texas.

ga2lenGA²LEN welcomes the vote of the European Parliament on the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) on 30 November that acknowledges allergic diseases as major chronic diseases to be addressed in European research during the coming 7 years (2007 - 2013).

The European Parliament adopted the report of Prof. Jerzy Buzek that recognises “respiratory diseases including those induced by allergies” as health priorities to be addressed by translational research. This will allow respiratory allergic diseases (including asthma) to be covered by the research programme under the health theme.

In the first drafts, only food allergies (8% of all allergies) were covered. Allergic diseases will now be tackled under both the health and food themes of the research programme which should allow scientists to progress towards the overall understanding that is needed to help control this epidemic through effective prevention and treatment.

ICC Could Be Hazardous To Your Children's Health


asthmaMore than 1 million residents of the Washington-Baltimore region already live close to heavily trafficked motorways where dangerous soot pollution is at levels that can trigger asthma attacks, heart attacks and respiratory disease. Building the $2.4 billion (and rising), 18-mile intercounty connector linking Interstate 270 to Interstate 95 through neighborhoods and near schools would worsen these health problems.

Maryland Gov.-elect Martin O'Malley (D) reiterated his support for the road following his election last month, but if the public demands protection for our children and the elderly, he still could take steps to prevent these health hazards.

Study: Infants Living With Dogs Wheeze Less

chil with dogDogs can offer babies all kinds of love and attention -- and they might help them breathe easier, too.

Living in a home with multiple dogs may help reduce an infant's risk for developing wheezing in the first year of life, according to a study in the December issue of the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

University of Cincinnati researchers found that infants living in homes with high levels of endotoxins and multiple dogs were more than two times less likely to wheeze than other infants.
almonds OTTAWA, ONTARIO--(CCNMatthews - Nov. 30, 2006) - The public warning issued on November 24, 2006 has been updated to include additional allergen risk and product information. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is warning people with allergies to almond protein or peanut protein not to consume the Schar brand Snack - gluten free chocolate wafers with hazelnuts. The affected product may contain almond and peanut proteins which are not declared on the label.

All Best before dates and lot codes of this product described below are affected by this alert.

The Schar brand Snack - gluten free chocolate wafers with hazelnuts, a product of Italy, is sold in a 105 g package bearing UPC 8 008698 005286 on the back panel. On some packages, the UPC on the back panel may be covered up with a sticker. These packages have a white sticker on the front panel which bears a different UPC 8 00869 80528 6. Both the UPC are affected. The package contains three individually wrapped 35 g Snack bars.

TH Foods recalls crackers for possible allergy threat


milk allergyDALLAS - T-H Foods is recalling some crackers that may contain undeclared milk and could be harmful to people with certain food allergies.

The Illinois-based company says its Crunchmaster Sesame Rice Crackers were distributed to Costco warehouses in Dallas and Sumner, Washington.The crackers were packed in a 6-count multipack that includes sesame and cheese flavors. The packages are labeled "Best Before date of Jun082007B."Consumers with questions should contact TH Foods at: 1-800-896-2396.

Copyright 2006 Associated Press

Vietnam study probes the role of gut worms in allergies

medical researchGut parasites could hold the key to increasingly common conditions such as eczema, asthma and hay fever, according to scientists at The University of Nottingham.

Gut parasites, such as hookworm, have evolved together with their human hosts for millions of years. Over time, these parasites have developed ways of surviving in the human gut by 'turning down' the immune response directed against them, prolonging their survival inside the host.

This reduction in immune response may also have the effect of reducing allergic tissue reactions that characterise asthma and other allergic conditions.